The Situation of Women in Afghanistan

An essay by Simin Shayan

In the past, women did not have the right to think about their future and be part of the political, social, economic, and political areas of life. Every kind of cruelty, discrimination and injustice was free for women.

In the period of idolatry, women were like wares at market. Buying or selling of women was normal between people. Born a girl was a shame for their family. People were killing their girls. If any girl found the chance of living, she must always be at home and do the chores. In this period, the person who had power and ability, men, had the right of domination and coercion, and this was a law for society.

When Islam emerged for the first time, adjustment of women’s rights began. The prophets had the intention to boost the rights of women. But the domination of men still remained. Society’s laws and culture was too strong, and it was not acceptable for women to be independent. At that time, women were like dead people. They did not have the right to be part of society.

Now it is a new world. The rights of women are very important, and women see this. They see the harm that the women of our country endured in the past. Their difficulties and privation were not lesser than other world’s women in the past. But unfortunately, in the classical and patriarchy society of Afghanistan, these difficulties and privation for the women are still happening right now.

However, when the new system became accessible in Afghanistan, they paid a lot of attention to the positions and rights of women in social areas. But the situation of women is still unclear. The biggest problems of Afghanistan’s people, especially the women, are food, home, health and security. All of their thoughts are about how to spend their lives in a good way. Until women can have these, their situation cannot improve.

About the Author: Simin Shayan is originally from Ghazni province but is now living in Bamyan. She is a student of the ROYA Mentorship Program in Bamyan. She was the first graduate of the English Language Program at Peshgam Technical & Professional Institute which is supported by ROYA. She is in the 11th grade at school where English and writing are her favorite subjects.

Writing by Afghan writers. Editor/Publisher: Nancy Antle; Editor: Pamela Hart